Moving With-Out The Ball Skills

Again the game of basketball is a team game, where players who work well together in ways they make each other better. Will ultimately become a team that has a great chance to consistently win together as a unified unit. A team that has the best player and the most talented players is a team that is not always guaranteed to consistently win games. Because to win players must play as a team and all team members must work together to utilize their offensive talents and skills in ways that complement one another and ultimately make each other better. For example, on offense the goal is to score. And the best way for a team to consistently score a lot of points is by having team members who take the initiative to help each other create opportunities that lead to the development of the best scoring opportunity each time a team has possession of the ball. And one of the great ways that team members can help each other create great scoring opportunities is by being able to move with-out the ball, which involves cutting and screening. A talented and skilled basketball player who wants to become a better player and a reliable and valuable contributor to their team. Must develop efficient skills that maximizes their ability to move well without the ball. On offense only one player can have the ball at one time, so there will be times when the ball is not in your hands. And you can help your team by moving with-out the ball in ways that helps yourself or a teammate get open by setting or cutting off a screen. And you also can maximize your team’s offensive effectiveness by keeping your defender focused on your movements away from the ball, which can help prevent or limit defensive help against the offensive player that has the ball in his hands.

When you develop the skills needed to maximize your ability to move well with-out the ball, you will not only make your teammates better, but you will also make yourself better. Because you have to move without the ball in-order to get open and receive the ball, so you can utilize your offensive skills to create offense for yourself. You also must move to receive the ball in needed areas of the court that maximize your ability to be a triple threat type of offensive player who can shoot, drive, or pass efficiently and effectively when needed. Moving with-out the ball will also provide many opportunities that help you get the reliable scoring opportunities that you want, like a backdoor cut tours the basket that leads to lay-up, a dribble hand-off off a screen that creates a quick drive to the basket that leads to a lay-up, or curling off a screen that leads to a jumpshot that you can shoot with accuracy, rhythm, and range. Moving with-out the ball will create a variety of offensive opportunities for yourself and moving with-out the ball will also make it difficult for the defense to guard you. Because player movement can force individual defenders and help defenders to play in a detrimental/unfavorable position and increases the possibility of the defense making a mistake. Which will potentially lead to a competitive advantage that a skilled offensive player can utilize to help them consistently create great scoring opportunities for themselves or for their teammates.

Moving with-out the ball also involves cutting to the right spot to maximize floor spacing. Good floor spacing is needed for offensive schemes to run effectively and efficiently. Player movement that creates better spacing will provide a variety of great benefits to an offense:

  1. Player movement that creates better spacing will create gaps and openings that maximizes a skilled offensive player’s ability to penetrate and dribble drive past defenders
  2. Player movement that creates better spacing will stretch the defense, which makes it more difficult for help defenders to provide defensive help against the offensive player that has the ball in their hands. For example, help defenders will potentially either make the mistake of helping too late, make the mistake of helping too early, or make the mistake of being late when recovering back to guard their offensive player within a defensive closeout. Which will create many pass to score, dribble to score, or shoot to score opportunities. That a great offensive team will take advantage of.
  3. Player movement that creates better spacing will make moving the ball and passing the ball to teammates easier. Because player movement that maximizes floor spacing will also create better passing angles and better passing lanes that ultimately leads to the development of a great combination of ball movement and player movement that potentially forces the defense to play in unfavorable positions. Which will create scoring opportunities that a great offensive team will take advantage of.

Must needed player movement skills that a perimeter player must have in-order to be effective and efficient at moving with-out the ball:

  1. V-Cut ( used to get open against defensive pressure from a skilled defender)
  • If your defender is making it difficult for you to get open to receive a pass from your teammate. Then when starting from a perimeter positioning. Walk your defender tours the basket, then while changing speeds to an explosive movement, sharply change direction, and cut/move back to the perimeter with your hands up ready to receive the ball
  1. L-Cut ( used to get open against defensive pressure from a skilled defender )
  • If your defender is making it difficult for you to get open to receive a pass from your teammate. Then when starting from the low block area. Walk your defender to the free-throw line elbow area, then while giving your defender a light push-off to create space, explosively move laterally out to the wing perimeter position with your hands up ready to receive the ball
  1. Backdoor Cut ( used to get open against defensive pressure from a skilled defender )
  • When your defender is denying the passing lane with their hands and overplaying your cut to the perimeter. Then quickly change direction and cut behind the defender towards the basket. With your hands up ready to receive the ball to make a lay-up if a scoring opportunity is available
  1. Give and Go Cut
  • Option 1- Pass the ball to your teammate, read the defender’s positioning, and if the defender is guarding you closely. Then cut hard to the basket with your hands up ready to receive the ball to make a lay-up if a scoring opportunity is available.
  • Options 2 – Pass the ball to your teammate, read the defender’s positioning, and if the defender is slightly playing off of you. Then use deception to force your defender to move in a unfavorable position. You can use a fake movement by taking a step toward the ball as if you are going to set a screen or receive a dribble hand-off. Then when your defender goes for the fake movement. Quickly change directions and cut behind the defender towards basket. With your hands up ready to receive the ball to make a lay-up if a scoring opportunity is available
  • Option 3- Pass the ball to your teammate, read the defender’s positioning, and if the defender is slightly playing off of you. Then again use deception to force your defender to move in a unfavorable position. You can use a fake movement by taking a step away from the ball as if you’re not involved in the play. Then when your defender goes for the fake movement. Quickly change directions and cut in front of the defender towards the basket. With your hands up ready to receive the ball to make a lay-up if  a scoring opportunity is available
  • The give and go cut is a great player movement skill to utilize. Because by passing the ball and then moving to an advantageous area, you can potentially create a great opportunity to score when the pass returns back to you. And even when you pass the ball and cut without receiving the ball back. You at least clear the area, which maximizes floor spacing, and gives your teammate who has the ball in his hands. The opportunity to utilize his offensive skills to create offense for himself against his defender in a favorable offensive position. Because your defender who was guarding you will not be in a beneficial position that allows him to effectively provide defensive help
  1. Cutting Off A Screen – Beneficial Tips
  • When using a screen, it’s important that you read the defense first, use the screen in ways that forces your defender to move in a unfavorable position, and then cut off the screen and move to needed areas on the court that gives you a favorable offensive advantage against your defender
  • Wait until the screen is set to prevent an illegal moving screen. Be patient, allow the screen to be set, read the defense, and then make a cut off the screen. Potential mistakes develop when using screens, because the player using the screen doesn’t allow the screen to set in a stable position, the player using the screen fails to properly read the defense, or the player using the screen moves too fast before making sure the screen was properly used against the defender.
  • When you are cutting off of a screen, move with balance and under control, and then explosively move to the needed area with your hands up ready to receive the ball.
  • When you are trying to get your defender to move / run into the screen, before using the screen first fake in the opposite direction of the screen. The fake movement will force your defender to move to a detrimental position that makes it easier for the screen to be utilized against the defender. Then move / run off the screen shoulder to shoulder with the goal of making sure that there is no space between you and the person setting the screen. This positioning will force your defender to trail behind you and/or will not give your defender any room to maneuver around the screen. Then once the screen forces your defender to be in a detrimental position. Then explosively cut off the screen to the needed area that allows you to receive ball in a position that creates a favorable offensive advantage against the defense
  1. Adapt to your defender when cutting off a screen – Beneficial Tips
  • Adapt to your defender when cutting off a screen – Scenario #1:  When you are using the screen to get open and your defender decides to slide behind the screen in-order to gain better defensive positioning. You the offensive player must read the defense, make the adjustment, and if needed cut / pop out to perimeter while your defender is sliding behind the screen. With the goal of receiving the ball in position that still gives you a favorable offensive advantage against your defender
  • Adapt to your defender when cutting off a screen – Scenario#2: When you are using the screen to get open and your defender is trailing your body in a detrimental position that causes the defender to be right behind you.  You the offensive player must read the defense, make the adjustment, and if needed utilize a curl cut movement around the screen. With the goal of receiving the ball in a position that potentially leads to a direct cut to the basket, where you could receive to ball for lay-up. Or with goal of receiving the ball in a position that leads to a catch and shoot perimeter jumpshot that your defender cannot defend against because of your defender’s bad positioning
  • Adapt to your defender when cutting off a screen – Scenario#3: When you are using the screen to get open and your defender anticipates your desire to use the screen and then tries to prevent you from using the screen by moving his body in front and over the top of the screen. You the offensive player must read the defense, make the adjustment, and if needed perform a backdoor cut behind the screen toward the basket. With the goal of receiving the ball in a position that leads to a lay-up
  • Adapt to your defender when cutting off a screen – Scenario#4: When you are using the screen to get open and your defender tries to cheat to go under the screen or over the top of the screen in-order to gain better defensive positioning. You must read the defense, make the adjustment, and if needed perform a fade cut away from the screen to the wing or corner. With the goal of receiving the ball in a position that leads to a catch and shoot perimeter jumpshot. A fade cut is beneficial to utilize when the defender tries to prevent you from performing a curl cut movement around a screen

 

  1.  Offensive Advantages For The Offensive Player Setting The Screen:
  • Setting a good screen will create two beneficial outcomes: The offensive player setting the screen and the offensive player cutting off the screen will be open to receive the ball in a position that creates a favorable offensive advantage against the defense
  • If the offensive player using the screen cuts off the screen correctly, the screener’s defender will most likely try to give help, which will give the screener an opportunity to cut/move to area that allows the screener to receive the ball in a position that creates an offensive advantage against the defense. ( For example, if the opportunity is available the screener could cut to the basket to receive the ball to make a lay-up, if the opportunity is available the screener could cut to the perimeter to receive the ball to make a jumpshot, a potential switch can be created between defenders who are the defending the screen, which could lead to a potential size and/or skill mismatch against the new defender who is now defending the screener, or if the opportunity is available the screener could cut to a beneficial area on the court, where they will receive the ball in a favorable position that allows the screener to use their offensive skills to create offense for themselves or for their teammates. The screener has to effectively read the defense and make a decision that hopefully puts the screener in a position to create a great scoring opportunity for themselves or that helps the screener create a great scoring opportunity for their teammate)
  • The screener could also fake a screen and cut, which is known as slipping the screen. This beneficial skill is useful when the screener’s defender decides to give defensive help and step out early against the offensive player who is trying to cut off the screen. When the screener’s defender decides to give defensive help and step-out toward the cutter who is trying to use the screen to get open. This is when the screener should slip the screen, cut to the basket, and receive a pass for a lay-up. The screener could also slip the screen, cut to an open area on the perimeter, and receive a pass that leads to a open jumpshot.
  1. Executing The Pick And Roll

The pick and roll, also known as the screen and roll, is one of the simplest plays to execute offensively, and one of the hardest plays for the defense to defend against. While it may be simple to run, when executed properly, the pick and roll will become tremendously difficult for defenses to defend. The pick and roll utilizes a combination of simple screening, cutting, player movement, and ball movement that helps the offense create a tremendous advantage against the defense when the pick and roll is executed properly and when the offensive players utilizing the pick and roll. Are highly skilled at cutting, screening, passing, shooting, driving, reading the defense, and making the right the play.

What Is the Pick and Roll

  1. An offensive player sets a screen for the offensive player who has the ball. The screen is also known as the Pick with-in a pick and roll scenario.
  2. The offensive player dribbles around the screen. With the goal of creating a scoring opportunity through passing, driving to the basket, or shooting.
  3. The screener, opens up to the ball, and cuts to the basket. With the goal of receiving the ball in a position that leads to a lay-up. The screener cutting to the basket is known as the Roll with-in a pick and roll scenario.

Beneficial Tips For The Ball-Handler Utilizing The Pick And Roll

  • When utilizing the pick and roll, it is essential that the ball-handler possess the ability to make good decisions, dribble drive past defenders, throw catch-able passes to teammates when they are in position to effectively create a high percentage scoring opportunity for themselves, finish lay-ups around the rim, and be able to pull-up for a jumpshot off the dribble
  • Wait for the screen – if you move too early, before the screen is set, you could potentially make it easier for the defense to defend the pick and roll and you put yourself in a position where your impatience leads to your inability to properly read the defense in ways that prevent you from having a favorable advantage against the defense
  • Attack the defense, because you want to force the defense to make mistakes and your aggressiveness when combined with good decision making skills can help you take advantage of the mistakes the defense makes

Beneficial Tips For The Screener Utilizing The Pick And Roll

  • When utilizing the pick and roll, it is essential that the screener possess the ability to set good screens, know when and how to roll / cut to the basket, have the ability to catch the pass from the passer if the screener is open, make the lay-up if a scoring opportunity is available, and make good decision when the ball in their hands if a scoring opportunity is not available after they receive the pass from their teammate.
  • Set a good stable screen, with balance, and under control. Because if you don’t set the screen in a stable position. The referee could signal a illegal moving screen against you. Or you could potentially get called for a offensive foul against the defender that you are setting the screen against. The screener should not move and should simply stay stationary as the ball-handler dribbles around the pick / screen
  • After the screen is set, try to keep the defender on your back, reverse pivot and open up to the ball, and roll / cut to the basket. With your hands-up ready to receive the ball in a position to make a lay-up if a scoring opportunity is available

9. Adapt to The Defenders Who Are Defending The Pick And Roll – Beneficial Tips:

  • Adapt to the defenders who are defending the pick and roll – Scenario#1 ( Ball Handler Options ): When dribbling around the pick. And your defender is being held up by the pick. If the screener’s defenders fails to provide proper defensive help. Attack the basket and dribble drive tours the basket for lay-up if a scoring opportunity is available
  • Adapt to the defenders who are defending the pick and roll – Scenario#2 ( Ball Handler Options ): When dribbling around the pick. And your defender decides to go under the pick to prevent a drive tours the basket and the screener’s defender fails to provide defensive help. Instead of driving to the basket. Stop and shoot a open jumpshot on the perimeter
  • Adapt to the defenders who are defending the pick and roll –  Scenario #3 ( Ball Handler Options ): When dribbling around the pick and defenders who are the defending the pick and role decide to switch, which could lead to a potential size and/or skill mismatch against the new defender who is now defending the ball-handler. Go directly into a isolation situation and utilize your size and/or skill to create a scoring opportunity against the new defender who will potentially struggle to defend you
  • Adapt to the defenders who are defending the pick and roll